This may result in greater financial accountability and more comparison-shopping for products, services and consulting help. In the case of a new manager, which is new to the business. Due to less experience in the ground level scenario, he has to take suggestions from the bottom level people. The reason is that it is prepared by the people who have sound technical knowledge of the relative departments. It saves the time of the strategic managers at the top-level. Further, they can focus on key issues more.
For example, the Portugal participatory budget allows residents to present investment projects. They choose the projects that are to be funded and followed. They use the transparent and open voting scheme for this. Traditionally, the policymakers did not hear the country residents. Participative gatherings gave them an open way to directly engage in the policy-making process. Further information will be given by keeping in mind the second approach because it is more practical.
NGOs and CSOs can leverage their local networks to rally participants and build support for participatory budgeting. They can also lend technical support for each step of the process, bookkeeping from engagement through implementation and monitoring. The local government must have the resources to make significant investments according to the citizen-led budgeting process.
Participatory budgeting can function as a sort of “citizenship school”, helping citizens learn the basic language and practices of governance. With the support of NGOs and governments, participants can learn about their rights, how to express their views to representatives, and see these views affect policy and action. The process spans an entire budget cycle (1-2 years), and is repeated with every budget.
In other cases, it is recommended to use more sophisticated budgeting techniques. Incremental budgeting generally allocates equal incremental changes to the budget from one year to the next.
Better-informed citizens raise the quality of debate, grounding the budget in facts and research. ● The municipality is led by an indigenous, leftist, or union party. The central principle of participatory budgeting of redistributing public resources aligns closely to more progressive ideologies. After successful elections, many of these elected governments have found efficiencies transitioning support for their campaign into support for participatory budgeting. ● Because participatory budgeting reaches people who are already engaged in politics, the format risks giving these voices the appearance of greater legitimacy. Cities have seen continued participation from a core group of activists. Some cities put term limits in place to ensure turnover among leadership, but it is difficult to prevent individuals from rotating positions amongst themselves.
D is incorrect because when personnel participate in budgeting they are generally more motivated. Two, due to large number of employees involved, it tends to take longer to create a budget. The ________ budget is the only budget stated only in units, not dollars. The ________ budget is a component in a financial budget. The actual direct labor cost per hour exceeded the standard direct labor cost per hour for Actual Quantity of direct labor hours. The ________ budget is a component in an operating budget.
Both the top managers and the subordinates are also able to share their points of view on certain issues of interest. Blame for outcomes.If a department does not achieve its budgeted results, the department man ager may blame any other departments that provide services to it for not having adequately supported his department. The ________ budget begins with the number of units to be sold. The budget should be designed from the bottom up, with input from managers at all levels. Managers should consider all of the following when deciding whether to accept a special order, except A.
If there is no agreement between the company’s goals and the subordinate managers’ goals, it will be impossible to attain the set targets. Goal congruence refers to the agreement between the employee’s goals and the overall company goals. In order for the company to create a budget that is achievable, both the management and the staff must set goals that move in the same direction. On the CPE Link Blog, we’ve discussed theAdvantages of Budgeting, yet we did not discuss the number of serious disadvantages. C is incorrect because participative budgeting is often more accurate. B is corrent because involvement of more individuals in the budgeting process takes more time. Zero−based budgeting forces managers to justify each dollar in the budget to ensure that some expenses are lower in a current year compared to what they were in previous years.
Most companies use ________ when the managers develop budgets each year. which of the following is a potential disadvantage of participative budgeting? Standard costs are benchmarks that managers use to judge actual costs.
Thus, departments within a company are not forced into a position of competing with each other to obtain a larger portion of the budget. Note that there is no standard formula to determine the applicable marginal changes in the budgeting process. The marginal changes are typically determined using certain assumptions that are based on previous budgeting and expenses.
Assume the allocation base for fixed overhead costs is the number of units expected to be produced. A company sells goods and offers credit terms of “net 30 days.” What does this reveal to the company online bookkeeping that sold the goods? A) It does not have to ship the goods for 30 days. B) It cannot recognize the sales credit for 30 days. C) It offers a 30% discount for customers that use credit cards.
Undoubtedly participative approach to management increases the stake or ownership of employees. The following points elucidate the same. After having read lots of stuff about participative retained earnings management and its implementation, lots of questions arise in the mind of the reader. Is participative management really beneficial? What are the challenges involved in implementation?
Also, it assumes no significant change in policy and financing approach as well. When a company uses a previous year’s budget for the new budget, the difference between the budget and actual results increases. For instance, the budget for year 1 was $1000, but actual spending was $1800.
Participation puts the responsibility on the employees. The ones who are responsible for a particular task, later on, become answerable for the same. As a result, it increases the accuracy of the budget and make employees more accountable. In this case, the management disapproves budget because it seems to be unrealistic or inappropriate. Management has to give valid reasons for doing it. The Government is considering budget suggestions from various stakeholders.
To avoid such a fate, a business must carry a thorough analysis of its income, expenses , and make the budget accordingly. This budgeting method assumes that there is no need to analyze the objectives and activities of the department.
Budgets are mostly the same year after year under this approach. But, if management makes any change made to it, one can easily identify it by comparing with earlier budgets. Being easy to implement is a major reason why businesses go for this approach. Also, it does not require a lot of detailed analysis like other budgeting techniques. Incremental Budgeting is a type of budgeting method that uses either the previous year’s budget or the actual results to prepare the new budget. Under this method, a company makes marginal changes to the previous year’s budget or the actual results to come with a budget for the current period. Some of the key breakthroughs of participatory budgeting are its focus on bringing information from bureaucrats to the people.
D) The customer has up to 30 days to pay back the seller for the goods purchased without penalty. Desired ending inventory is 25% more than beginning inventory. If purchases total $160,000, which of the following statements is true regarding cost of goods sold ? A) COGS will exceed cost of goods available for sale. B) COGS will be less than purchases. A rolling budget is a budget that A) extends 5-10 years into the future.
Creating a budget without the input of key personnel from the rank and file can result in underfunding or overfunding of a department. The bottom level employees are more closely attached to the day to day operations so they have an in-depth idea about the working needs of respective departments. This happens when submitted budgets do not seem in line with the organizational goals. Consequently, the management sends it back to the makers for the second iteration with remarks. In this type of budgeting, the Top-level managers share the responsibility of taking budgetary decisions with the bottom-level managers. As a result, it gives them a sense of a better stake in the firm. Generally, incremental budgeting is best applied only if you are confident that the company’s budgets will remain stable in the long term, with only minimal changes.
For such a budget, to be effective and efficient, the top management needs to have an open-minded approach. That is to say, should support new ideas & suggestions by stakeholders. In other words, they should not criticize the budget directly. However, they can give advise or suggest the required changes.
Master your assignments with step-by-step solutions to countless homework questions asked and answered by our members. If we don’t have your question, don’t worry. You can ask any homework question and get expert homework help in as little as two hours. Describe the potential advantages and problems associated with participative leadership. This can be a serious problem, and requires considerable oversight to spot and eliminate. In business, those who are able to read the room and adapt quickly are those who consistently create competitive advantages. That skill is particularly valuable when conditions are erratic, which most certainly describes the current situation.
C) units to be produced – desired end inventory of DM + beginning inventory of DM. D) quantity needed for production – desired end inventory of DM + beginning which of the following is a potential disadvantage of participative budgeting? inventory DM. On the direct labor budget, the total quantity of direct labor hours needed is computed as A) units to be produced × direct labor hour per unit.
Organizations are different and therefore the culture, the human resources. A deep understanding of both is required in order to ascertain a decision making style and adopt the same. , incremental budgeting is commonly considered as the most conservative approach. is https://accounting-services.net/ the leading provider of online homework help for college and high school students. Get homework help and answers to your toughest questions in biology, chemistry, physics, math, calculus, engineering, accounting, English, writing help, business, humanities, and more.